McDonald's Found Liable for Hot Chicken McNugget Incident:

McDonald's Found Liable for Hot Chicken McNugget Incident:
Photo by Shahbaz Ali / Unsplash

In a recent case reminiscent of the infamous McDonald's hot coffee lawsuit of the 1990s, a jury in South Florida found McDonald's and a franchise holder, Upchurch Foods, liable for a hot Chicken McNugget from a Happy Meal that fell and caused second-degree burns on a young girl's leg. This verdict marks a significant development in the ongoing debate over the responsibilities and liabilities of fast food companies.

The Incident

The incident occurred in 2019 at a McDonald's drive-thru in Tamarac, Florida. The mother of the victim, Philana Holmes, bought Happy Meals for her children. After she handed the meals to her children in the back seat, her daughter started screaming. It was only after pulling over and checking on her daughter that she discovered the burn on the child's leg, caused by a hot Chicken McNugget that had fallen from the Happy Meal.

Photo by Alia / Unsplash

The Verdict

After two days of testimony and arguments, the jury found McDonald's USA and its franchise owner, Upchurch Foods, at fault. The franchise holder was held liable for negligence and failure to warn customers about the risk of hot food. McDonald's USA was found liable for failing to provide instructions for safe handling of the food. However, the corporation was not deemed negligent, and the argument that the product was defective was dismissed.

Despite the verdict, McDonald's owner-operator Brent Upchurch maintained that the restaurant had followed all safety protocols when cooking and serving the Happy Meal. A second jury will determine the compensation to be paid to the child and her mother.

The Argument

The parents of the girl, who is now seven and autistic, sued McDonald's and the franchise owner on several grounds. They alleged that the company and the franchise failed to adequately train employees, did not warn customers about the potentially dangerous temperature of the food, and cooked the food to a higher temperature than necessary.

Both sides agreed that the nugget caused the burns, but the temperature of the nugget was a point of contention. The family's lawyers argued that the temperature was above 200 degrees, while the defense maintained it was no more than 160 degrees.

Lawyers for McDonald’s argued that the food had to be hot to avoid salmonella poisoning and that the nuggets were not meant to be pressed between a seat belt and human flesh for extended periods.

Photo by Shahbaz Ali / Unsplash

Echoes of the Past

The case will likely evoke memories of the McDonald's coffee lawsuit of the 1990s. Stella Liebeck, then 81, was awarded $2.7 million in punitive damages after being scalded by hot coffee from McDonald’s that spilled onto her lap in 1992. The incident resulted in third-degree burns, and Liebeck spent over a week in the hospital. Her initial request to McDonald's was for $20,000 to cover hospital expenses, but the company decided to go to trial. A judge later reduced the award to $480,000, citing the company's "willful, wanton, reckless" and "callous" behavior.

Lessons to Learn

This latest case serves as a reminder of the responsibilities fast food companies bear for the safety of their customers. It also underscores the importance of clear communication about potential risks, adequate employee training, and strict adherence to safety protocols. As McDonald's and other fast food chains continue to serve millions of customers daily, the industry must continue to prioritize customer safety and take proactive steps to prevent such incidents in the future.

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